Here the ark of the covenant was kept for a long time under the care of Phinehas, the grandson of Aaron (20:26-28). When Joseph arrived at Shechem, New Living Translation "Go and see how your brothers and the flocks are getting along," Jacob said. This geographical information is inaccurate. It was a favourite place of abode of both of these patriarchs (21:33-22:1, 19; 26:33; 28:10). Now Jacob came safely to the city of Shechem, which is in the land of Canaan, when he came from Paddan-aram and camped before the city. It was then the seat of Canaanite idolatry, the temple of Baal-berith being here (Judges 9:4, 46). 1Ki 16:34 3. Abram traveled from Ur to Haran with his father Terah and settled there (Genesis 11:31). It lay in the pass which cuts through Mts. The third resting place of Abram; Shechem was the first, Bethel the second. Ultimately, as the road passed through the Jabbok Valley, it reached the Transjordanian Highway. There are some 700 or 800 Christians, chiefly belonging to the Greek Orthodox church. After settling in Hebron, Jacob's sons (minus Joseph) traveled north to herd their flocks in Shechem. Hither he had come after his meeting with Esau (Genesis 33:18). These have come so that your faith. Over the former probably David hung Ishbosheth's murderers (2 Samuel 4:12). 13:22). The nation of Israel was divided at Shechem. These people did not know the Lord (2 Kings 17:24-41) and thus they continually struggled with idolatry. ; the King James Version gives "Sichem" in Genesis 12:6; and "Sychem" in Acts 7:16):1. Shiloh was the religious and military capital of Israel during the times of the Judges, and the tabernacle resided here for 369 years. Shechem was captured by John Hyrcanus in 132 B.C. The surrounding country is bleak and barren, the hills being marked by a succession of stony terraces, which may have suggested the form of the ladder in Jacob's famous dream. Josephs last memories of Israel, before his brothers sold him, was of Shechem and Dothan. Shechem's position is indicated in the Hebrew Bible: it lay north of Bethel and Shiloh, on the high road going from Jerusalem to the northern districts (Judges xxi, 19), at a short distance from Michmethath (Joshua 17:7) and of Dothain (Genesis 37:12-17); it was in the hill-country of Ephraim (Joshua 20:7; 21:21; 1 Kings 12:25; 1 Chronicles 6:67; 7:28), immediately below Mount Gerizim . It is picturesquely situated in a narrow valley running from N. to S. (probably that of Eshcol, whence the spies got the great cluster of grapes, Numbers 13:23), surrounded by rocky hills, still famed for fine grapes. Mount Moriah in Easton's Bible Dictionary the chosen of Jehovah. 381-385. It is nearly midway between the southern end of the Dead Sea and the Mediterranean.Beersheba in Fausset's Bible Dictionary Beersheba means "well of the oath". Chart of the chosen line of the Messiah in Genesis. Jacob and his mother deceived his father Isaac into blessing Jacob and he fled eastward. Jacob arrives at Shechem in c.1691BC (see Genesis 12:6-7) where he buys some land for a tomb from the sons of Hamor and sets up an altar called El Elohe Yisrael (Hebrew, meaning 'God, the God of Israel' or 'God, the God of Jacob'). He cursed them with forty years of wilderness wandering until the unbelieving generation died off, never stepping foot in the Promised Land. This well is still there today. It was a well-known town when Abraham entered Canaan, 3800 years ago. Gerizim (Sirach 50:26; Ant, XI, viii, 6; XII, i, 1; XIII, iii, 4). However, modern highways may cut the walking distance i. 19:4). He gave birth to twelve sons who became the fathers of the twelve tribes of Israel. This location, in the middle of the nation, provided the most important crossroads in central Israel. Aharoni, Yohanan, and Micheal Avi-Yonah. Three times in the Old Testament, it is stated that seventy people from the house of Jacob went down into Egypt. 25, 28). Joshua 21:21 They gave them Shechem with its suburbs in the hill country of Ephraim, the city of refuge for the manslayer, and Gezer with its suburbs. The terraced slopes of the mountain rise steeply on the South. Gods grace. It was originally called Kirjath-Arba, " The city of Arba." The family of Hebronites sprang from him. Here in Egypt Jacob met Joseph and there were great tears and rejoicing among them. A mountain 1Sa 13:2Bethel in Smiths Bible Dictionary (the house of God) well known city and holy place of central Israel, about 12 mlles north of Jerusalem. The masonry which encloses the well extends downward 28 1/2 feet. 2. It is mentioned among the "cities" given to the tribe of Simeon (Josh. Bimson, John J., ed. 12. Samuel visited Bethel on circuit, judging Israel (1 Sam 7:16). I think that is the mistake made when the plaques quote this verse. Matthew 1:15 - And Eliud begat Eleazar; and Eleazar begat Matthan; and Matthan begat Jacob;Genesis 47:9 - And Jacob said unto Pharaoh, The days of the years of my pilgrimage [are] an hundred and thirty years: few and evil have the days of the years of my life been, and have not attained unto the days of the years of the life of my fathers in the days of their pilgrimage.Leviticus 26:42 - Then will I remember my covenant with Jacob, and also my covenant with Isaac, and also my covenant with Abraham will I remember; and I will remember the land.Deuteronomy 30:20 - That thou mayest love the LORD thy God, [and] that thou mayest obey his voice, and that thou mayest cleave unto him: for he [is] thy life, and the length of thy days: that thou mayest dwell in the land which the LORD sware unto thy fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give them.Genesis 31:43 - And Laban answered and said unto Jacob, [These] daughters [are] my daughters, and [these] children [are] my children, and [these] cattle [are] my cattle, and all that thou seest [is] mine: and what can I do this day unto these my daughters, or unto their children which they have born?Genesis 35:20 - And Jacob set a pillar upon her grave: that [is] the pillar of Rachel's grave unto this day.Isaiah 44:21 - Remember these, O Jacob and Israel; for thou [art] my servant: I have formed thee; thou [art] my servant: O Israel, thou shalt not be forgotten of me.Malachi 1:2 - I have loved you, saith the LORD. Seven (sheba' which also may explain the name) wells are at the place, so that a different one may have been named by Isaac from that named by Abraham. . The third son of Kohath the Levite (Ex. For a spiritual lesson from Shechems history, we look back at Joshuas challenge to the nation in Joshua 24. A Sacred Shrine: Beersheba was a sacred shrine. The two principal wells are on or close to the northern bank of the Wady es-Seba. Jacob's children fulfilled their promise and carried the coffin all the way to Canaan. Joshua 17:7 The border of Manasseh was from Asher to Michmethath, which is before Shechem. Location and Physical Features:There is no doubt as to the situation of ancient Shechem. In the Book of Genesis, Abraham, the patriarch of the Abrahamic religions, describes Aram as . DISTANCE: It was a long and difficult journey of more than fourhundred miles (about 600km) from Canaan (Bethel) to Haran. The border went along to the right hand, to the inhabitants of En Tappuah. Peabody: Hendrickson Publishers, 1997. Judges 9:18 and you have risen up against my father's house this day, and have slain his sons, seventy persons, on one stone, and have made Abimelech, the son of his female servant, king over the men of Shechem, because he is your brother); Judges 9:20 but if not, let fire come out from Abimelech, and devour the men of Shechem, and the house of Millo; and let fire come out from the men of Shechem, and from the house of Millo, and devour Abimelech.". (1) According to Genesis 49: 29-32; 50:13 Jacob was buried in the cave of Machpelah near Hebron which Abraham had bought from Ephron the Hittite (Gn. Hebron now contains about 5000 inhabitants, of whom some fifty families are Jews. And the LORD drove out from before us all the peoples, even the Amorites who lived in the land. During the civil war with Benjamin the tribes took the ark thither to consult God (compare 1 Samuel 10:3). To the Southwest of the city is a small mosque on the spot where Jacob is said to have mourned over the blood-stained coat of Joseph. The crossroads Shechem offered led in three directions. Jacob's Burial. Of course, from a historian's point of view, it is more likely that Abraham did not really exist. may be proved genuine. One of Samson's exploits was the carrying of the gate of Gaza "to the top of the mountain that is before Hebron" (Jdg 16:3). Judges 9:34 Abimelech rose up, and all the people who were with him, by night, and they laid wait against Shechem in four companies. Later History: Probably during the captivity Hebron came into the hands of Edom, though it appears to have been colonized by returning Jews (Neh 11:25); it was recovered from Edom by Simon Maccabeus (1 Macc 5:65; Josephus, Ant, XII, viii, 6). However, the site thought to be the biblical Shechem, called Tel Balata by archaeologists, is near a well. Related Websites. It is named as on the northern border of Benjamin (the southern of Ephraim, Josh 16:2), at the top of the ascent from the Jordan valley by way of Ai (Josh 18:13). Samaria became significant in Shechems history because the people who later worshipped on Mount Gerizim came to be known as Samaritans (named after the capital Omri had chosen). Calm our fears and strengthen our faith that we may never doubt his presence among us but proclaim that he is your Son, risen from the dead, living for ever and ever. 24:32). Hebron. On the return from Babylon some of the children of Judah dwelt in Kirjath Arba (Nehemiah 11:25). The stones around the mouth are worn into grooves by the action of ropes for so many ages. 1. From Ur, across the Fertile Crescent and down into Canaan, the Bible mentions Shechem as the first city to which Abram came ( Gen. 12:6 ). His messengers told him the news of Esau's coming (Gen. 32:6-8) and Jacob became troubled and prayed for help and deliverance (Gen. 32:9-12). I. Answer (1 of 8): Not all Bible scholars agree because the modern city of Harran,Turkey may not be the same settlement of Haran that Abraham's family stayed in, (c.2000 BCE) when his father Terah died there, according to Genesis 11:31--32. 5. Wilderness of, Hagar miraculously sees a well in Ge 21:14-19 An angel fed Elijah in 1Ki 19:5,7Beersheba in Smith's Bible Dictionary (well of the oath), the name of one of the old places in Israel which formed the southern limit of the country. He desired to see his father Jacob and invited him to Egypt because of the great famine. The Promised land in Canaan. That which was promised he would have received in some good way; but Jacob and his mother, distrusting God's promise, sought the promised blessing in a wrong way, and received with it trouble and sorrow. How long does it take to get from Hebron to Shechem? When David became king of Judah this was his royal residence, and he resided here for seven and a half years (2 Sam. Jacob died there 17 years later, and Joseph carried Jacob's remains to the land of Canaan, where he gave them stately burial in the same Cave of Machpelah as were buried Abraham, Sarah, Isaac, Rebecca and Jacob's wife Leah (Genesis 49:29- 50:14 ) Genesis 26:18 - And Isaac digged again the wells of water, which they had digged in the days of Abraham his father; for the Philistines had stopped them after the death of Abraham: and he called their names after the names by which his father had called them.Leviticus 26:42 - Then will I remember my covenant with Jacob, and also my covenant with Isaac, and also my covenant with Abraham will I remember; and I will remember the land.Deuteronomy 30:20 - That thou mayest love the LORD thy God, [and] that thou mayest obey his voice, and that thou mayest cleave unto him: for he [is] thy life, and the length of thy days: that thou mayest dwell in the land which the LORD sware unto thy fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give them.Genesis 25:21 - And Isaac intreated the LORD for his wife, because she [was] barren: and the LORD was intreated of him, and Rebekah his wife conceived.Genesis 35:12 - And the land which I gave Abraham and Isaac, to thee I will give it, and to thy seed after thee will I give the land.Genesis 27:46 - And Rebekah said to Isaac, I am weary of my life because of the daughters of Heth: if Jacob take a wife of the daughters of Heth, such as these [which are] of the daughters of the land, what good shall my life do me?Genesis 24:14 - And let it come to pass, that the damsel to whom I shall say, Let down thy pitcher, I pray thee, that I may drink; and she shall say, Drink, and I will give thy camels drink also: [let the same be] she [that] thou hast appointed for thy servant Isaac; and thereby shall I know that thou hast shewed kindness unto my master.Joshua 24:4 - And I gave unto Isaac Jacob and Esau: and I gave unto Esau mount Seir, to possess it; but Jacob and his children went down into Egypt.Genesis 49:31 - There they buried Abraham and Sarah his wife; there they buried Isaac and Rebekah his wife; and there I buried Leah.Genesis 22:9 - And they came to the place which God had told him of; and Abraham built an altar there, and laid the wood in order, and bound Isaac his son, and laid him on the altar upon the wood.2 Chronicles 30:6 - So the posts went with the letters from the king and his princes throughout all Israel and Judah, and according to the commandment of the king, saying, Ye children of Israel, turn again unto the LORD God of Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, and he will return to the remnant of you, that are escaped out of the hand of the kings of Assyria.Deuteronomy 29:13 - That he may establish thee to day for a people unto himself, and [that] he may be unto thee a God, as he hath said unto thee, and as he hath sworn unto thy fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.Jeremiah 33:26 - Then will I cast away the seed of Jacob, and David my servant, [so] that I will not take [any] of his seed [to be] rulers over the seed of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob: for I will cause their captivity to return, and have mercy on them.Deuteronomy 9:5 - Not for thy righteousness, or for the uprightness of thine heart, dost thou go to possess their land: but for the wickedness of these nations the LORD thy God doth drive them out from before thee, and that he may perform the word which the LORD sware unto thy fathers, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.Genesis 27:22 - And Jacob went near unto Isaac his father; and he felt him, and said, The voice [is] Jacob's voice, but the hands [are] the hands of Esau.Exodus 33:1 - And the LORD said unto Moses, Depart, [and] go up hence, thou and the people which thou hast brought up out of the land of Egypt, unto the land which I sware unto Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, saying, Unto thy seed will I give it:Amos 7:16 - Now therefore hear thou the word of the LORD: Thou sayest, Prophesy not against Israel, and drop not [thy word] against the house of Isaac.Genesis 28:6 - When Esau saw that Isaac had blessed Jacob, and sent him away to Padanaram, to take him a wife from thence; and that as he blessed him he gave him a charge, saying, Thou shalt not take a wife of the daughters of Canaan;Exodus 32:13 - Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, thy servants, to whom thou swarest by thine own self, and saidst unto them, I will multiply your seed as the stars of heaven, and all this land that I have spoken of will I give unto your seed, and they shall inherit [it] for ever.Deuteronomy 6:10 - And it shall be, when the LORD thy God shall have brought thee into the land which he sware unto thy fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give thee great and goodly cities, which thou buildedst not,1 Kings 18:36 - And it came to pass at [the time of] the offering of the [evening] sacrifice, that Elijah the prophet came near, and said, LORD God of Abraham, Isaac, and of Israel, let it be known this day that thou [art] God in Israel, and [that] I [am] thy servant, and [that] I have done all these things at thy word.Genesis 22:3 - And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and saddled his ass, and took two of his young men with him, and Isaac his son, and clave the wood for the burnt offering, and rose up, and went unto the place of which God had told him.Genesis 28:13 - And, behold, the LORD stood above it, and said, I [am] the LORD God of Abraham thy father, and the God of Isaac: the land whereon thou liest, to thee will I give it, and to thy seed;Romans 9:7 - Neither, because they are the seed of Abraham, [are they] all children: but, In Isaac shall thy seed be called.Genesis 17:19 - And God said, Sarah thy wife shall bear thee a son indeed; and thou shalt call his name Isaac: and I will establish my covenant with him for an everlasting covenant, [and] with his seed after him.Genesis 22:2 - And he said, Take now thy son, thine only [son] Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of.Genesis 25:20 - And Isaac was forty years old when he took Rebekah to wife, the daughter of Bethuel the Syrian of Padanaram, the sister to Laban the Syrian.Genesis 32:9 - And Jacob said, O God of my father Abraham, and God of my father Isaac, the LORD which saidst unto me, Return unto thy country, and to thy kindred, and I will deal well with thee:Deuteronomy 1:8 - Behold, I have set the land before you: go in and possess the land which the LORD sware unto your fathers, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, to give unto them and to their seed after them.1 Chronicles 29:18 - O LORD God of Abraham, Isaac, and of Israel, our fathers, keep this for ever in the imagination of the thoughts of the heart of thy people, and prepare their heart unto thee: Beersheba in Easton's Bible Dictionary well of the oath, or well of seven, a well dug by Abraham, and so named because he and Abimelech here entered into a compact (Gen. 21:31).